In the Indian way of life religion plays an important role and the basis of our day-to-day life is religion. Political leaders right from the beginning felt that if short essay on religion and politics is any possibility of retaining unity in India, it should be by remaining secular. What are the Salient Features of Indian Rural Social Structure? User published content is licensed under a Creative Commons License.
After centuries of strife, the West has learned to separate religion and politics — to establish the legitimacy of its leaders without referring to divine command. There is little reason to expect that the rest of the world — the Islamic world in particular — will follow. Internet Explorer 9 or earlier. Go to the home page to see the latest top stories. The twilight of the idols has been postponed. For more than two centuries, from the American and French Revolutions to the collapse of Soviet Communism, world politics revolved around eminently political problems.
War and revolution, class and social justice, race and national identity — these were the questions that divided us. Today, we have progressed to the point where our problems again resemble those of the 16th century, as we find ourselves entangled in conflicts over competing revelations, dogmatic purity and divine duty. We in the West are disturbed and confused. Though we have our own fundamentalists, we find it incomprehensible that theological ideas still stir up messianic passions, leaving societies in ruin. We had assumed this was no longer possible, that human beings had learned to separate religious questions from political ones, that fanaticism was dead. An example: In May of last year, President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran sent an open letter to President George W.
Bush that was translated and published in newspapers around the world. Its theme was contemporary politics and its language that of divine revelation. This was not a rhetorical question. God and follow the teachings of divine Prophets. There follows a kind of altar call, in which the American president is invited to bring his actions into line with these verses. Liberalism and Western-style democracy have not been able to help realize the ideals of humanity.
Today, these two concepts have failed. Those with insight can already hear the sounds of the shattering and fall of the ideology and thoughts of the liberal democratic systems. Whether we like it or not, the world is gravitating towards faith in the Almighty and justice and the will of God will prevail over all things. This is the language of political theology, and for millennia it was the only tongue human beings had for expressing their thoughts about political life. It is primordial, but also contemporary: countless millions still pursue the age-old quest to bring the whole of human life under God’s authority, and they have their reasons. To understand them we need only interpret the language of political theology — yet that is what we find hardest to do.