A summary of Analysis in Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposing a solution essay. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of A Modest Proposal and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Swift vents his mounting aggravation at the ineptitude of Ireland’s politicians, the hypocrisy of the wealthy, the tyranny of the English, and the squalor and degradation in which he sees so many Irish people living. Ireland almost totally subject to England’s exploitation, it also expresses Swift’s utter disgust at the Irish people’s seeming inability to mobilize on their own behalf. Without excusing any party, the essay shows that not only the English but also the Irish themselves–and not only the Irish politicians but also the masses–are responsible for the nation’s lamentable state. His compassion for the misery of the Irish people is a severe one, and he includes a critique of their incompetence in dealing with their own problems.