This article is about euthanasia of humans. The Dutch law however, does not use the term ‘euthanasia’ but includes it under the broader definition of “assisted suicide and termination of life on request”. Oration on the dignity of man essay is categorized in different ways, which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary.
In some countries there is a divisive public controversy over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of euthanasia. In some countries such as Nigeria, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, support for active euthanasia is almost non-existent. Like other terms borrowed from history, “euthanasia” has had different meanings depending on usage. Livia, experienced the ‘euthanasia’ he had wished for. 17th century, to refer to an easy, painless, happy death, during which it was a “physician’s responsibility to alleviate the ‘physical sufferings’ of the body. Bacon referred to an “outward euthanasia”—the term “outward” he used to distinguish from a spiritual concept—the euthanasia “which regards the preparation of the soul. In current usage, euthanasia has been defined as the “painless inducement of a quick death”.
However, it is argued that this approach fails to properly define euthanasia, as it leaves open a number of possible actions which would meet the requirements of the definition, but would not be seen as euthanasia. This approach is included in Marvin Khol and Paul Kurtz’s definition of it as “a mode or act of inducing or permitting death painlessly as a relief from suffering”. Michael Wreen argued that “the principal thing that distinguishes euthanasia from intentional killing simpliciter is the agent’s motive: it must be a good motive insofar as the good of the person killed is concerned. Similarly, Heather Draper speaks to the importance of motive, arguing that “the motive forms a crucial part of arguments for euthanasia, because it must be in the best interests of the person on the receiving end. Based on this, she offered a definition incorporating those elements, stating that euthanasia “must be defined as death that results from the intention of one person to kill another person, using the most gentle and painless means possible, that is motivated solely by the best interests of the person who dies. Prior to Draper, Beauchamp and Davidson had also offered a definition that includes these elements. A is a nonfetal organism.
Wreen noted in the paper, he was not convinced that the restriction was required. In response, Wreen argued that euthanasia has to be voluntary, and that “involuntary euthanasia is, as such, a great wrong”. Other commentators incorporate consent more directly into their definitions. Hence, euthanasia can be voluntary only. In the definitions offered by Beauchamp and Davidson and, later, by Wreen, consent on the part of the patient was not considered as one of their criteria, although it may have been required to justify euthanasia. However, others see consent as essential. Active voluntary euthanasia is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland and the U. California, Oregon, Washington, Montana and Vermont. Voluntary, non-voluntary and involuntary types can be further divided into passive or active variants. Passive euthanasia entails the withholding treatment necessary for the continuance of life. While some authors consider these terms to be misleading and unhelpful, they are nonetheless commonly used. Euthanasia: a very gentle and quiet death, which happens without painful convulsions.