Your source for local news, sports, high school sports and weather in and around Jefferson City, Columbia, Fulton and the How a criminal record affects your life essay of the Ozarks. This document may not be reprinted without the express written permission of News Tribune Publishing. Percent of adult males incarcerated by race and ethnicity.
Experts and analysts have debated the relative importance of different factors that have led to these disparities. Race has been a factor in the United States criminal justice system since the system’s beginnings, as the nation was founded on Native American soil. It continues to be a factor throughout United States history through the present. Lynching and Lynch-Law date back to the 1700s when the term was first used by the Scotch-Irish in reference to an act pursued by the Quakers toward Native Americans.
The law was originally regulatory, providing regulations regarding how lynching could and could not be carried out. Most crimes of and relating to lynching prior to 1830 were frontier crimes and were considered justifiable due to necessity. In the construction of the United States Constitution in 1789, slavery and white supremacy were made part of the justice system, as citizens were defined as free white men. Lynch law was renewed with the anti-slavery movement, as several acts of violence towards people of color took place in the early 1830s. Turner, an African-American Baptist preacher, believing that the Lord had destined him to free his race, followed through with his plans to conquer Southampton county through the enlistment of other slaves. He did so by traveling from house to house murdering every white person he could find.
Due to this act, many innocent slaves were killed by the police. African slaves and their decendants were considered non-citizens, further incorporating racism into the justice system. African Americans increased tremendously and thousands of African Americans experienced lynching. Latin Americans entering the country were also a target for the penal system during this time.
It performed acts of lawlessness against negroes and other minorities. This included taking negro prisoners from the custody of officers or breaking into jails to put them to death. Few efforts were made by civil authorities in the South against the Ku Klux Klan. The riot broke out when a group of discharged Negro soldiers got into a brawl with a group of Irish police officers in Memphis, Tennessee.