This article is about Modern Standard Urdu. Arabic were borrowed through Persian and hence are Persianized versions of the original words. Urdu and Turkish borrowed from Arabic and Essay on urdu language in english, hence the similarity in pronunciation of many Urdu and Turkish words.
Ghulam Hamadani Mushafi around 1780. From the 13th century until the end of the 18th century Urdu was commonly known as Hindi. 1837 and was made co-official, along with English. Urdu was promoted in British India by British policies to counter the previous emphasis on Persian. Hindi of Persian loan words, and new vocabulary draws primarily from Persian and Arabic for Urdu and from Sanskrit for Hindi.
English has exerted a heavy influence on both as a co-official language. Pakistan together: there were 52 million and 80. 10 million in Pakistan or 7. Because of the difficulty in distinguishing between Urdu and Hindi speakers in India and Pakistan, as well as estimating the number of people for whom Urdu is a second language, the estimated number of speakers is uncertain and controversial.