Why Does Ashoka Chakra Have 3 Lions and essay on ashoka dhamma Spokes? Know why Ashoka Chakra Have 3 Lions and 24 Spokes. In the state of Uttar Pradesh lies a small town Sarnath near present day Varanasi. Dharma to his five monks.
The Sarnath Pillar is one amongst the many pillars erected by Samrat Ashok to convey the principles of Buddhism. However, the Sarnath pillar is unique because it was crowned with a sculpture on it popularly known as the Lion Capital. What is the Lion Capital of Sarnath Pillar? Capital or the Ashoka Chakra at the Sarnath comprises of 4 lions, standing back to back. The front view has 3 Lions.
All the 4 lions are mounted on a cylindrical abacus. The four animals in the Lion Capital symbolizes different times and phases in Buddha’s life. The Elephant is a representation of his mother Queen Maya’s conception of Buddha when she saw a white elephant entering her womb in a dream. The Bull represents desire during the life of the Buddha as a prince. The Horse symbolizes Buddha’s departure from palatial life and te Lion represents the attainment of Nirvana by Lord Buddha. There are also non-religious symbolic interpretations of the Lion Capital believing the four lions symbolize Ashoka’s rule over the four directions, the wheels as symbols of his enlightened rule and the four animals as symbols of four adjoining territories of India.
The Sarnath pillar still stands in it’s original place, however the Ashoka Lion Capital or the Ashoka Chakra has been moved to the Sarnath Museum for preservation. In the State emblem, adopted by the Government of India on January 26, 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The lion of the North, the elephant of the East, the horse of the South and the bull of the West. The inverted bell-shaped lotus which the original sculpture shows the abacus resting on has been omitted.