1,birth of a child essay of a population in a year or period. The first known use of the term “birth rate” in English occurred in 1859.
UN, normal variant, 2009 rev. The average global birth rate is 18. 5 births per 1,000 total population in 2016. The death rate is 7. 8 per 1,000 per year. The RNI is thus 1.
In 2012 the average global birth rate was 19. 09 per 1,000 total population in 2007. The 2016 average of 18. 6 births per 1,000 total population is estimated to be about 4.
In the 1970s the Singaporean government encouraged small families. The birth rate is an issue of concern and policy for national governments. Policies to increase the crude birth rate are known as pro-natalist policies, and policies to reduce the crude birth rate are known as anti-natalist policies. There has also been discussion on whether bringing women into the forefront of development initiatives will lead to a decline in birth rates. Family programs were discussed, and 137 countries drafted a World Population Plan of Action. 50 births per 1,000 are considered high.
There are problems associated with both extremes. High birth rates may stress government welfare and family programs. Additional problems faced by a country with a high birth rate include educating a growing number of children, creating jobs for these children when they enter the workforce, and dealing with the environmental impact of a large population. Low birth rates may stress the government to provide adequate senior welfare systems and stress families who must support the elders themselves. The country with the lowest birth rate is Monaco, at 6. Birth rates vary within a geographic area. In Europe as of July 2011, Ireland’s birth rate is 16.
France has a birth rate of 12. 8 per thousand, while Sweden is at 12. 4 percent increase in live births in the UK in 2010. This is the highest birth rate in the UK in 40 years.
Birth rates also vary in a geographic area among demographic groups. For example, in April 2011 the U. 2007 and 2009 and fell in every other age group during the same period. In August 2011 Taiwan’s government announced that its birth rate declined in the previous year, despite the fact that the government implemented approaches to encourage fertility. Niger has the highest birth rate in the world with 49. Japan has one of the lowest birth rates in the world with 8 per thousand people.