This Vietnam War timeline spans the period from australia’s involvement in the vietnam war essay American withdrawal to the North Vietnamese victory and reunification. This Vietnam War timeline has been compiled by Alpha History authors.
It spans the period from gradual American withdrawal to the North Vietnamese victory and reunification. The US Congress votes to withdraw all American troops from Vietnam by the end of the year. US defence secretary Melvin Laird tells the media that Vietnamisation is proceeding ahead of schedule. The South Vietnamese government announces that its troops have crossed the border into Laos to engage the enemy. Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of murder for his role in the My Lai massacre. Calley is sentenced to life imprisonment, though this is later reduced to 10 years. Four of Calley’s fellow officers are acquitted.
The first entirely South Vietnamese offensive, Operation Lam Son 719, fails with the loss of 8,000 men. More than 200,000 people attend an anti-Vietnam War protest march in Washington DC. Pentagon Papers’: top secret documents leaked by Daniel Ellsberg. Pentagon Papers’ with legal action, which ultimately fails. After months of troop withdrawals, the number of US military personnel in Vietnam is down to 244,900.
The US Senate passes a resolution calling for the withdrawal of all American troops by the end of the year. American security advisor Henry Kissinger arrives in China to prepare for President Nixon’s visit there in the new year. Australia and New Zealand announce plans to withdraw their troops from Vietnam. South Vietnamese president Nguyen Van Thieu is reelected president for a further four years, triggering a wave of Viet Cong attacks. Richard Nixon tells the American press that US combat troops are now filling only defensive roles, leaving offensive operations to the ARVN. In Moscow, a delegation from Hanoi signs an agreement with the Soviet government for continued military and economic assistance. The year 1971 ends with just over 156,000 US military personnel still in Vietnam.