Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page. Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are a female friend and a male friend essay in many types of such bonds. The understanding of friendship in children tends to be more heavily focused on areas such as common activities, physical proximity, and shared expectations. As children mature, they become less individualized and are more aware of others.
They gain the ability to empathize with their friends, and enjoy playing in groups. They also experience peer rejection as they move through the middle childhood years. Establishing good friendships at a young age helps a child to be better acclimated in society later on in their life. Potential benefits of friendship include the opportunity to learn about empathy and problem solving. Coaching from parents can be useful in helping children to make friends. Parents can also help children understand social guidelines they haven’t learned on their own. Kennedy-Moore outlines developmental stages in children’s friendship, reflecting an increasing capacity to understand others’ perspectives: “I Want It My Way”, “What’s In It For Me?
By the Rules”, “Caring and Sharing”, and “Friends Through Thick and Thin. In adolescence, friendships become “more giving, sharing, frank, supportive, and spontaneous. The opposite was found regarding adolescents who did engage in problematic behavior. Whether adolescents were influenced by their friends to engage in problem behavior depended on how much they were exposed to those friends, and whether they and their friendship groups “fit in” at school. Friendship in adulthood provides companionship, affection, as well as emotional support, and contributes positively to mental well-being and improved physical health. Adults may find it particularly difficult to maintain meaningful friendships in the workplace. The workplace can crackle with competition, so people learn to hide vulnerabilities and quirks from colleagues.
Most adults value the financial security of their jobs more than friendship with coworkers. The majority of adults have an average of two close friends. Numerous studies with adults suggest that friendships and other supportive relationships do enhance self-esteem. The overall number of reported friends in later life may be mediated by increased lucidity, better speech and vision, and marital status. Research within the past four decades has now consistently found that older adults reporting the highest levels of happiness and general well being also report strong, close ties to numerous friends. As family responsibilities and vocational pressures lessen, friendships become more important. Among the elderly, friendships can provide links to the larger community, serve as a protective factor against depression and loneliness, and compensate for potential losses in social support previously given by family members.
Especially for people who cannot go out as often, interactions with friends allow for continued societal interaction. Additionally, older adults in declining health who remain in contact with friends show improved psychological well-being. In a 2007 review, no treatment was identified which effectively address peer functioning in children with ADHD, and treatments which addressed other aspects of the disorder were not found to eliminate issues related to peer functioning. Children with autism have been found to be more likely to be close friends of one person, rather than having groups of friends.